Retina is an extension of the brain. Much like the brain tissue, retina cannot regenerate –diseases of the vitreous and retina can cause permanent blindness. Prompt and appropriate treatment can halt further damage and result in better outcome. Retinal examination allows early detection and treatment of retinal disorders. Who need retina check up?

Those who has systemic complaints (diabetes, hypertension), high myopia, eye injury, family history of retinal detachment, black spots problem, Flashes of light, new or increase in floaters [ black dots in your vision ], A gray curtain noticed in the field of vision, night blindness. Retinal Exam

The exam includes a complete ophthalmic assessment from the front of the eye to the back of the eye.


  • A full inspection of the vitreous cavity and examination of the optic nerve, macula, retinal blood vessels and extreme peripheral retina.
  • Once this is done, your doctor will make the decision whether or not to perform various retinal tests to further clarify the vitreous, macula, retina or choroidal diagnosis.


First through a routine check up of your refraction by a team of qualified optometrists. This will be followed by dilatation of your pupils for a detailed retinal exam by a consultant.

Precautions for a retinal check up

Following dilatation, it may be difficult to read or drive for several hours after the visit. If you have other systemic complaints ( diabetes, hypertension etc ), bring in your other medical records with details of the medications you are on.

  • Vitreo-retinal problems
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Age-related macular degeneration

Medical and Surgical Retina Department

The institute is a pioneer in medical and surgical retina treatment since 1987.

Retina vitreous diagnostics has a setup tools like Digital Fundus camera. Fundus Angiography and special Domain OCT, Treatment facility of IRIS green laser has saved vision and blindness of thousand of diabetic patients.

Surgical retina has a set up of operating microscope, posterior segment surgical station and lasers since last 25 years.

Retinal Investigations

  • Digital Fluorescein Angiography Camera To evaluate the Retinal status especially in Diabetics and other Vascular Diseases of Retina.
  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) scan to evaluate the macular and optic disc pathology in detail, especially in patients with Diabetes, Macular hole, Uveitis, Glaucoma etc.
  • B Scan Ultrasonography for Detailed Evaluation for Eye cases like Advanced Cataract, Vitreous Hemorrhage, etc.

Medical Treatment

The goal of most treatments is to stop disease progression and preserve or improve vision.

  • Green Laser Therapy (Focal Laser Photocoagulation): To repair a Diabetic Retinopathy, Eales Disease, Retinal Tears and other Retinal Diseases. Scatter laser treatment (panretinal photocoagulation). This laser treatment often can shrink abnormal new blood vessels that are bleeding into the vitreous in diseases such as diabetic retinopathy.
  • Intravitreal Injections: Avastin and Lucentis Injection into the vitreous fluid in the eye may be effective in treating wet macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and broken blood vessels within the eye.

Surgical treatment

  • Pneumatic Retinopexy: Pneumatic Retinopexy is used to treat certain types of retinal detachment such as a tear in the upper half of the retina.
  • Scleral Buckling: In this surgery to repair retinal detachment, your surgeon sews a small piece of silicone material to the outside eye surface (sclera).
  • Vitrectomy: When bleeding or inflammation clouds the vitreous fluid in the eye and obstructs the surgeon's view of the retina, the blood-filled vitreous can be removed (Vitrectomy) and replaced with a salt solution to maintain the shape of the eye and improve vision.